≡ Menu

The Moderate Mom

Executive Actions

In writing this blog, I focus on facts and historical information. In recent months, I have regularly seen articles about President Obama signing “Executive Orders” on a variety of topics, including immigration and gun control. Upon further investigation, many of these are actually Executive Actions, which are different.

It is extremely difficult to find the text of these Executive Actions because there is no requirement to make them public. The complete text of Executive Orders must be published in the daily Federal Register. Publishing the text of Executive Actions is entirely optional, so of course most are not published.

The logic behind this is that Executive Orders are just – orders – and as such are not optional, so they are similar to laws and are made public in the same way. Executive Actions, on the other hand, are more advisory and not mandatory. As in, the President thinks it would be a great idea if you did__________, but it’s your choice. That logic sounds fine, but I find it concerning.

When your boss or teacher “suggests” that you do something, what is your response? Do you go do that thing? If you don’t, do you expect to get a negative result – written up, bad grade, in trouble – for not doing it? In short, does it really feel optional?

In 1961, something called Groupthink led to the Bay of Pigs disaster under President Kennedy. That is a different subject, but it does show how subtle pressures can cause an individual or individuals to do something that they believe to be wrong.

What do you think of Executive Actions? Do you think government employees will truly view them as optional, or do you think they will act as if they are orders? Why? Why is it potentially dangerous to have documents that the public cannot read but that employees may treat as orders? What do you think the point of Executive Actions really is? If the POTUS simply wants to give his opinion, why does he need to do it in this “official” manner?

Some recent examples of these include an Executive Action on or near June 16, 2012, related to young illegal immigrants and twenty-three (23) Executive Actions (plus two Executive Orders)  in January 2013, related to gun control. After much searching, I finally stumbled across the complete text of these and all other Presidential Actions on the White House website. I have done multiple online searches for the text of these in the past, so they aren’t easy to find.

The next time Executive Actions are being discussed, what question will you bring to the conversation?


There is a reason for government regulation, at all levels, but I think we can all agree that there are limits to what the government should be regulating. (Do you really want them telling you what to eat and the style, brand, and color of your underwear or when to sleep? If not, then you agree that there should be limits.) There are large areas where both sides have valid arguments for and against regulation, but there is also a place for common sense in the issue. Some people need less sleep. Some days you exercise more and need more sleep. If the government set bed times, then those simple facts that even a kindergartner knows would be ignored.

garden girlhttp://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/4-year-old-girls-vegetable-garden-must-go-says-usda/

The link above goes to an article about a four year old girl growing vegetables on an unused space for her family to eat. Common sense tells us that (1) eating vegetables is good, (2) fresh vegetables are probably too expensive for them to buy, (3) even an unkempt vegetable garden (which this was not) looks better than a bare weed patch, (4) this is a great learning  experience, and (5) it’s not even a tiny bit electronic or video game oriented. All of these are  to be applauded.

What is the actual, bureaucratic response? It isn’t permitted. The property managers are the ones actually forcing her to pull it out, but they are citing USDA regs. The USDA has come out and said it isn’t forbidden in the rules, but the property manager insists it is. Given the scope of the rules for these agencies, it may be buried in there somewhere. And the USDA, which helps pay their rent, hasn’t insisted that they be allowed to keep it. Both groups are simply hiding behind their rules and procedures.

We have all heard / read about many examples. The bloated bureaucracies that make up too much of our government are out of touch. They sit in their offices and make rules. These rules – not laws, which are made by elected officials, but rules by bureaucrats who are often virtually unfireable – can make the lives of law-abiding Americans miserable. Businesses aren’t much better, and let’s not even talk about the TSA. Most of these agencies and individual people aren’t really doing anything wrong or trying to make life difficult for others – they are simply following the rules.

There are also companies, like this property management company, and organizations, like soccer teams, that hide behind rules because they can and because it makes their life a tiny bit easier. I’m not saying we don’t need rules, I am simply advocating we use common sense.

On purpose, out of habit, out of fear (of getting in trouble), through laziness, or for some other reason entirely, when a group allows a set of rules written in an office to govern how they behave in specific circumstances without any regard to individual differences, we end up with problems. We need to bring back common sense. We need to start looking at individual instances. A child or family putting a small cage for tomatoes or other vegetables to grow on is not the same thing as building a storage shed, even if both are technically “structures.” A child with a spent casing in their pants pocket following a weekend of hunting  is not a threat, even if that spent casing is technically “gun related” and thereby majorly verbotten. (School rules tend to forbid any “weapon” or anything “weapon related” or similar vague, over-arching terms that result in kids who clearly had no ill intent getting strong penalties.)

As individual citizens, we need to start speaking up and arguing back when we see common sense being ignored in our lives and in our society. And we need to use common sense ourselves. As long as we let ever-increasing sets of rules in every organization (some written and some unwritten, like all the “political correctness” rules) govern our every action, movement, and communication, we will no longer be The Land of the Free.

If we want to return to being The Land of the Free, we must bring back common sense.

The next time regulation (especially government, but other institutions too) is being discussed, what will you bring to the conversation?


Free August 24-25!

“The Constitution: It’s the OS for the US” is free on Amazon.com today and tomorrow!



I know that the news media has to at least be reasonably close to breaking even, if not making money, to survive, but they have done it in the past. Why not today? According to dictionary.com, “news” is “a report of recent events; intelligence; information.”  “Journalism” is “the occupation of reporting, writing, editing, photographing, or broadcasting news or of conducting any news organization as a business. While the two are very similar, they aren’t the same. At the very least, journalists are supposed to do some minimal research to make sure what they are reporting is factual.

Are there still outstanding journalists working in the field, at many different networks? Yes, there are. Are they allowed to do their job, and do it well? No comment – it might offend someone, and that just isn’t OK. And isn’t that part of the problem?

The job of journalism.

Journalism isn’t about making people happy.

Sometimes people need to be offended, or even hurt. Sometimes a teenage kid needs to hear that other kids won’t stop making fun of them until they start taking a shower (yes, including washing your hair) and using deodorant EVERY DAY, even if it makes them mad to hear it.

Sometimes politicians need to be called out by the media because they are taking lavish vacations while their constituents are forced to decide between paying rent and paying utilities, no matter how angry they get. Heck, sometimes entertainment figures need called out because their behavior has become so unacceptable, even if it offends them to “be told how to live their lives.”

Just as the cartoon shows, the internet is to network news as the giant asteroid was to dinosaurs: end game. I asked my friends, liberal and conservative, what they thought of the neutrality of news from the mainstream media. The unanimous response was, unsurprisingly, that no one thinks the media is unbiased. Most seem to end up primarily watching the outlet whose bias is closest to their own. Others simply tune out and give up on keeping up with the news.

Internet research.

The internet makes it possible to do your own research on a topic, but clearly not everyone has the time and / or skills to do this. End result: a poorly informed populace. If they did, Brian Williams could never have gotten away with his lies for as many years as he did. And he is, himself, more proof that journalism is being treated more as entertainment / business than as a source of truth and facts.

The 1st Amendment wasn’t written to make it easier to keep up with the antics of the latest out-of-control celebrity. The Founders knew the importance of being educated about the world around us.

How do you think the news helps us reach that goal of being educated? Where do you still find journalism? Do you listen to the news on the radio (talk radio, or other channels?) watch the news on tv, or read it? If you read it, do you read newspapers or online sources? Why do you choose that source – convenience, timing (i.e., listening to the radio during drive-time), trustworthiness, agrees with your own beliefs? What is most important to you in choosing a news source? Do you primarily read outlets with similar views, or do you seek out a variety of viewpoints? 

The next time someone brings up journalism and / or the First Amendment, what will you bring to the conversation?


I’m female and I have young children. Perhaps that skews how I look at the objects governed by the second amendment. Firearms, weapons, guns, whatever it is you choose to call them, size doesn’t matter terribly much to them. The size of the person wielding it doesn’t matter, and neither does the size of the person at the other end of the barrel. Sure, some have grips that are too large or too small to handle comfortably, the recoil on some can be painful, and I have no doubt that if I went looking for a long gun many would be too long for me to handle. But really, size just doesn’t matter to a firearm.

When it comes to violence, guns are the great equalizer. A toddler with a loaded gun with the safety off could kill the biggest meanest hombre out of an old spaghetti western. Guns protect the smallest and weakest among us more than the largest and strongest. Without any weapons at all, the largest and strongest would have no reason to fear, but the smallest and weakest would have no way to feel safe.

Why do I say that, and why does it matter? Because I’m not an Amazon, and your average attacker isn’t an elfin little 90 lb 4’10” female with no muscle or fat on her. If we were both unarmed, I wouldn’t have so much of an issue going up against someone like that. Going up against the more realistic full-size male (teen or adult)? I’m kind of screwed. Add in a weapon of any sort – hammer, sharp wooden stick, pretty literally ANY weapon – and my chances get even worse. Unless I’m armed.

My Smith & Wesson revolver only holds five bullets, but I can add crimson (laser) sites to it. With laser sites, a red dot appears at the spot that will go splat if you pull the trigger. Veterans have told me that even in Afghanistan, seeing that little red dot on their body makes some bad guys stop. Clearly, some attackers are out of their mind from drugs or mentally illness, but my having a gun, maybe even one with laser sites, could mean the difference between my kids seeing their mom shoot someone or seeing the cops walk that person away in handcuffs. To be clear, I’d rather them see their mom shoot someone than see someone shoot their mom, but having no one get shot at all is by far the best outcome.

Unarmed, my kids and I would be easy for a full size man to overpower and then we would be completely helpless. (Just to be very clear, I’m not advocating kids carrying firearms – it is, as it always has been and always will be, the responsibility of adults to protect children.) My husband and I are the first line of defense for our family. All people, all parents, need to be allowed to choose for ourselves what tools they need to fulfill that very basic obligation for their own family. Some will conclude that they need a firearm for that purpose. Many will not. In either case, no government bureaucrat sitting in an office will ever know all the considerations, specific to that family, that go into that decision.

If we are deprived of our right to bear arms, how can we protect ourselves and our families against criminals who have guns whether it is legal or not? If parents cannot protect their own children, who will do it for them? As the saying goes, in a situation where seconds count, the police are only minutes away.

The next time someone brings up women / mothers / children and the second amendment, what will you bring to the conversation?


When we turn on the news, tv shows, even advertisements, we are bombarded with images of poor sportsmanship in every aspect of life. The worst of it, sadly, is often displayed by our politicians, and the main stream media encourages them. No matter what happens, it is entirely the fault of the other party.

I read once that when you receive flowers, you should look at the faces of others around you as you walk past carrying them or they walk past and see the flowers sitting there. You will notice a lot of smiles when other people see them. They don’t just brighten the day of the recipient, they brighten the day of of a lot of people, even if only for a few moments. While this video isn’t directly related to the Constitution or our government, like a vase of flowers, watching this video can brighten up your day, even just for a few moments.

It is a reminder that people do nice things sometimes, just because it’s the right thing to do. If only we could get our government (the bureaucrats as well as the politicians) to follow the example of these teens.

An Amazing Display of Good Sportsmanship

The next time someone brings up sportsmanship (good or poor), what will you bring to the conversation?


When was the last time you visited your state capitol building? You know – the building  in the state capital where the State Legislature meets. The Governor’s Mansion is probably nearby. Have you visited that too, if your state allows? If you have kids, have you taken them to visit and to watch our government in action? For that matter, have you ever visited the federal Capitol Building in D.C.?

Yesterday, I visited my state capitol building and the governor’s mansion. It’s about a two hour drive from my house. Growing up, I was never more than about 20 minutes from the state capital and could easily have visited. For that matter, it would still be super easy to visit when I visit my parents’ house. I have visited  D.C. many times and seen the outside of the Capitol Building but never toured it. My visit to the state capital yesterday had nothing, really, to do with any interest in politics. I just went along on my son’s field trip. In short, I have no excuse for not visiting.

Growing up, I saw the state capital for that state all the time and the building is beautiful. While I was thinking about what a beautiful unobstructed river view it has, I realized that I do not remember actually being in the building.  I have been in the capital city for two other states I lived in, but never the capitol building. I simply never took the time – it didn’t seem interesting enough, I suppose.

To be fair, listening to the legislators speak was very very dull, but I was also able to speak to my representatives in person and tell them my concerns. What do you think will carry more weight with them, sending an email or taking the time to go to their office in person? They may not always be able to meet with you, but it’s worth a shot.

States take pride in their capitol buildings. They are generally beautiful old buildings full of history and artwork. They are worthy of a visit just for that. They also frequently have some lovely landscaping and other historic buildings and museums to visit nearby. If you have visited yours, please post about your experience! If not, maybe it’s time to start planning a visit. At the least, if the state capital is too far away, you can visit the town hall or mayor’s office for your city, or the County Seat where your county government is headquartered.

The next time someone brings up your state capital (or the state Capitol Building), will you be able to tell them that you’ve actually visited it?

Note: A capital is either an UPPERCASE LETTER, or the city or town that is the official seat of government for that area. It has two “a”s. The Capitol Building (with an O at the end instead of an A) is where the United States Congress meets and many states adopted the name for their state legislatures’ buildings.

Our national capital is Washington, D.C. and contains the Capitol Building where Congress meets.


The highest ranking member of the House of Representatives is the Speaker of the House. The Congress specifies that the House “shall choose their Speaker and other Officers.” It does not specify that they must be a member of the House of Representatives, but every one so far has been.

The simple fact is this: A person who used to be in the House but was defeated in the last election or retired could be chosen to be Speaker.  A previous Speaker could be brought back as Speaker, again, even if they were retired. A popular news anchor could be chosen. Former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger could be chosen. Quite literally, any person could be selected as Speaker of the House.

The Speaker is actually a powerful position. The Speaker decides what bills get to the House floor for a vote, for example. If the Speaker had opposed Obamacare, they could have kept it from going to the floor for a vote – that’s how much power they have.

The Speaker is also third in line for the Presidency. In the unprecedented event that the President and Vice President both die (or are forced out of office, as Nixon was), the Speaker will become the new President, as long as he or she is a “natural born” US citizen.

This has never happened, but what would happen if someone like the foreign-born Arnold Schwarzenegger was Speaker and the POTUS (President of the US) and VP were both dead or forced out of office? Do you think more consideration should be given to this aspect when a Speaker or chosen, or do you think it’s so unlikely that it would be silly / a waste of time to consider it at all?

Since it has never happened and is extremely unlikely to ever happen, this aspect is generally ignored when the Speaker is chosen. The Speaker is the winner of a majority of votes in the House at the start of a new session. In practice, this means that the party with the most members chooses the Speaker. Once chosen, they are normally re-elected until they choose to step down or their party stops being the majority.

They are addressed as Mr. Speaker or Madame Speaker even after they leave office, just as former Presidents continues to be addressed as Mr. President.

The next time someone brings ups the position of the Speaker of the House, what will you bring to the conversation?



When she retired, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor wasn’t done with the Constitution. She was instrumental in developing the iCivics website to help kids learn about the Constitution and how our government is meant to work.

There are tons of fun games to help you learn. Go check it out!



The epic battle that led to Thomas Jefferson being elected as our third President with Aaron Burr as his first Vice President is the reason we have the 12th Amendment, and the reason we elect a “ticket” with a President and a Vice President.

Before the 1800 election, Burr agreed to be Jefferson’s VP. At the time, Electors were chosen by state legislatures. The person with the most votes became President and the one with the second most votes became Vice President. Per the Constitution, a tie automatically sent the vote to the House of Representatives to be voted on and resolved. They voted 36 (thirty six) times before Jefferson was finally elected. Burr then became his VP because he had the second most votes. To put it mildly, Jefferson was not pleased with Burr. Nonetheless, he was stuck with him for his first term.

This process had led to less than ideal results in the previous election as well. In 1796, John Adams (Federalist party) received the most votes and became President. Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republican party) received the second most votes (three less than Adams) and became his Vice President. They represented different parties and held different beliefs regarding how the government should operate and how much power the federal government should have. As you can imagine, they did not work well together.

It was clear that our young nation needed to modify our election method. This led to passage of the 12th Amendment. I’m not going into details on the entire 12th Amendment, but the biggest change it made was that we elect a “ticket” of two people with separate voting for the President and the Vice President.  Without this, most elections would probably result in one party winning the Presidency and another party winning the Vice Presidency. This could have a positive effect if the two parties worked together to reach a middle ground that both parties could agree on. There are exactly two examples of a President and Vice President from different parties – Adams / Jefferson and Republican Abraham Lincoln / Democrat Andrew Johnson. (Technically, they were both in the same “National Union” party, but that party was created to help Lincoln get support from pro-war Democrats.) In both cases, there really wasn’t much “working together”.

The next time someone brings up political tickets, what will you bring to the conversation?